REMEMBER: JIBC is sticking with the 6th edition until September 2020!
In-text citations appear within the text of your paper. This is how you give credit to your sources AND avoid plagiarism.
Details here on HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM.
In-text citations may be either a "direct quote" or a paraphrase.
The main difference between a direct quote and a paraphrase is that a direct quote requires quotation marks and the page number(s) or other specific locator (i.e. paragraph number or section heading if no page numbers). Put the closing punctuation (i.e. period) AFTER the page citation.
A paraphrase does not include quotation marks and may include a page or specific locator. APA encourages the use of page/para/section heading, but it is not required. (APA, 2010, p. 171).
If your direct quote is more than 40 words, indent the full quote 5-7 spaces, double-spaced, in the body of your paper, no quotation marks; cite the quoted source, with the page numbers, AFTER the final punctuation mark. (for examples, see p. 53 & 55 of: APA: The easy way (2nd. ed). BF 76.7 H68 2009 Reference & Circulating collection).
How many times do I cite within a paragraph?
Check this link from Kwantlen: In-text citation
Online Writing Lab (OWL) - Purdue University also has some great tips and tricks:
University of Wisconsin - Madison even more great quoting and paraphrasing tips!
Watson (2007) explained that, "it is very important to learn how to cite using the APA style" (p.22).
According to the librarian, "it is very important to learn how to cite using the APA style" (Watson, 2007, p.22).
Paraphrase (include page/para/section heading if available)
According to Appleby and Peach (2006), fruits and vegetables are generally accepted as the healthiest food choices.
Fruits and vegetables are generally accepted as the healthiest food choices (Appleby & Peach, 2006).
Quotation Marks or Italicized Font (APA Manual 4.07 & 4.08; OWL Purdue In-text Basics)
When mentioning a full work such as a book, movie, journal in-text, use italicized font:
In The Wizard of Oz, Dorothy and Toto are chased by .....
The journal Fire Technology includes peer-reviewed articles....
When mentioning an article or book chapter title in-text, use quotation marks:
Riger's (1992) article, "Epistemological Debates, Feminist Voices: Science, Social Values, and the Study of Women," shows that .....
For full details on in-text citations, refer to Chapter 6.03, pages 169-179 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association [APA Manual], 6th ed, 2010. BF 76.7 P83 2010 (JIBC Library Reference)