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APA 6th Edition - OLD: Notes & Handouts


Notes & Handouts - 6th edition

Notes & Handouts -  double space references

According to the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (p. 31) you should treat lecture notes and class handouts that are only available via course management software (such as Blackboard), or from someone who attended the lecture, as personal communication.

Personal communication
(p. 179 sec. 6.20)

Includes letters, phone calls, email messages, and interviews. Because they
include “unrecoverable data,” they are NOT included in the reference list.

Citation in text: M. Burton (personal communication, August 1, 2009)

Class notes, handouts &
PowerPoint slides in Blackboard

(p. 179 sec. 6.20)

Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as a personal
communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay.

Citation in text: In a lecture on November 16, 2014, to an ENG 105 class, Professor Smith said . . .

Online lecture notes or
PowerPoint Slides.
Include in Reference List as
they are recoverable by researchers.

(Guide, p.31 #69)

Brieger, W. (2005). Lecture 3: Recruitment and involvement of trainees [Lecture notes].

Retrieved from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health OpenCourseWare 

website: /courses /TrainingMethods ContinuingEducation/lectureNotes.cfm

Citation in text: (Brieger, 2005 p. 2)

NOTE: Only include name of website if NOT obvious from URL or author