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APA 6th Edition - OLD: eBooks & Print Books


eBooks & Print Books - 6th edition

BOOKS, CHAPTERS, SHORT STORIES  & MORE – double space references

For more multiple author examples, see Journal Articles section

Book: 1-2 authors
(p. 203 #18)

More, H. W., & Miller, L. S. (2015).  Effective police supervision (7th ed.).  Waltham, MA:  Anderson Publishing.

Citation in text: (More & Mitchell,  2001, p. 24)  

Book: 3-5 authors
(p. 203 #18)

Whitelaw, B., Parent, R. B., & Griffiths, C. T.  (2004). Community-based strategic policing in Canada (2nd ed.). 

Toronto, Canada:  Thomson Nelson.

Citation in text: First Citation: (Whitelaw, Parent, & Griffiths, 2004, p. 23)

Subsequent: (Whitelaw et al., 2004, p. 47) 

Publisher location also ok as:  Toronto, ON:

Book: Corporate author:
Author as publisher

(p. 203 2nd bullet)

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological

        Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Citation in text: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010)

Subsequent: (APA, 2010, p. 27) 

Edited book
(p. 202 sec. 7.02)

Hare, R. D., & Schalling, D. (Eds.). (1978). Psychopathic behaviour: Approaches to research. Chichester, NY: Wiley.

Citation in text: (Hare & Schalling, 1978, p. 26)

Chapter in an edited book
(p. 204 #25) 

Porter, S., Woodworth, M., & Doucette, N. (2007). Memory for murder: The qualities and credibility of homicide

narratives by perpetrators. In S. Christianson (Ed.), Offenders' memories of violent crimes (pp. 115-134).

New York, NY: Wiley.

Citation in text: (Porter, Woodworth, & Doucette, 2007, p. 120)

Short story 
reprinted in an

Raddall, T. (2005).  The wedding gift.  In R. Brown & D. Bennett (Eds.), Canadian short stories

(pp. 83-96).  Toronto, Canada:  Pearson Canada (Original work published 1935).

Citation in text:  (Raddall, 1935/2005, p. 95)

Publisher location also ok as:  Toronto, ON:

Book with no author or editor.
Title takes place of author
(p. 205 #30; p.176 #6.15)

Library and information studies. (2nd ed.). (2007). Halifax, Canada: Information Today.

Citation in text: (Library, 2007, p. 24)

Publisher location also ok as:  Halifax, NS:

E-version of print book with DOI
(Guide, p.16 #14)

Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery,

and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version].

Citation in text: (Schiraldi, 2001, p. 23)

E-version of print book with no DOI
(p.203 #19)

Silvia, P. J. (2007). How to write a lot: A practical guide to productive academic

writing [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Silvia, 2007, p. 15)

Chapter in an e-Book


Edited eBook

Shah, P. K., & Chyu, K-Y. (2003). Unstable angina. In M. H. Crawford (Ed.), Current

diagnosis & treatment (2nd ed., Chapter 4). Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Shah & Chyu, 2003, General Considerations section, para. C)

MacDonald, R. (Ed.). (2016). Nancy Caroline's emergency care in the streets (7th Canadian ed.).  Retrieved


Citation in text:  (MacDonald, 2016, p. 92)

Electronic book from an online library
(Guide, p.17 #16)

Mishra, A. K., & Mishra, K. E. (2012). Becoming a trustworthy leader: Psychology and practice.

Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Mishra & Mishra, 2012, p. 10)

NOTE:“Provide the home page of the online library (ebrary, EBL, Google Books, etc.) rather than the full URL. Books are easily available by search and some sites require log-in credentials” (Guide, p. 17).

EBSCO eBook Academic
(p.204 #22)

Dawes, B. (2013). Indigenous North American drama: A multivocal history.

Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Dawes, 2013, p. 15)

Electronic-only book.
Use n.d. for no date.
Instead of publisher, use doi or URL

(p.203 #20)

O’Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the crisis in Western values. Retrieved from

Citation in text: (O’Keefe, n.d., p. 26)

Open Textbook

McCartney, S., & Parent, R. (2015). Ethics in law enforcement

Retrieved from

Citation in text: (McCartney & Parent, 2015, p. 92)

OR if book will be modified
Spielman, R. M., Dumper, K., Jenkins, W., Lacombe, A., Lovett, M., & Perlmutter, M. (2018). Psychology (Version 1.8). [Open

educational resource].  Retrieved July 9, 2018, from

First and subsequent citations in text (6-7 authors):  (Spielman et al., 2018, p. 18)

Multi-volume work
(p. 204 #23)

Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1-6). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Citation in text: (Koch, 1959-1963)

Encyclopedia article
(p. 203 sec. 7.02 & p. 205 #29)

Lindgren, H. C. (2001). Stereotyping. In The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral

science (Vol. 4, pp. 1617-1618). New York, NY: Wiley.

Citation in text: (Lindgren, 2001, p. 1617)

Entry in a reference work:
No author.
Entry title replaces author.

Schizophrenia. (1993). In Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Citation in text: (“Schizophrenia,” 1993, p. 234)

Entry in an online reference work:
With author:
With DOI

(Guide, p. 18 #22)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Dissociative disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual

of mental disorders (5th ed.). .1176/appi.books.9780890425596.411590

Citation in text: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 29)

Entry in an online reference work.
No author.

(p. 170-171 & p. 205 #30)

Muscular system: Introduction. (2010). In Anatomy & Physiology Online. Retrieved from

Citation in text: (“Muscular system,” 2010, Introduction section, para. 1)

Updating Service

e.g. Dynamed

 Acetaminophen poisoning. (2015). In Dynamed. Retrieved July 24, 2018 from

Citation in text: ("Acetaminophen,"  2015, Diagnosis section, Blood tests)

NOTE: Include Retrieved from date as content will likely change

Published conference proceedings: No DOI
(p. 207 #39)

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality.

In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on Motivation

(pp. 237-288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Citation in text: (Deci & Ryan, 1991, p. 240)

NOTE:  “If the publisher is a university and the name of the state or province is included in the name of the university, do not repeat the name in the publisher location” (p. 187, Manual).

Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada. (2010). Child and spousal support: Maintenance enforcement survey statistics

2009/2010. (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-228-X). Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Statistics Canada, 2010, p. 25)

Dissertation: Retrieved from a database
(p.207 #7.05; 208 #40, #41)

Aguiar, L. (2001). The ‘dirt’ on the contract cleaning industry in Toronto: Cleanliness and work

reorganization (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

database. (AAT NQ67931)

Citation in text: (Aguiar, 2001, p. 2)

Master’s thesis: Retrieved from an institutional database
(p.207 #7.05; 208 #40, #41)

Gibson, L. S. (2007). Considering critical thinking and History 12: One teacher's story

(Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Citation in text: (Gibson, 2007, p. 14)

Brochure: No date: Corporate author same as publisher 
(Guide, p. 21 #33)

Justice Institute of British Columbia. (n.d.). Relevant focused ready: Strategic plan 2015-2020 [Brochure].

Retrieved from

First citation in text: (Justice Institute of British Columbia [JIBC], n.d., p. 7)
Subsequent in text: (JIBC, n.d., p. 10)

NOTE: 6.13 p. 176 Manual & Table 6.1 p. 177 Groups as Authors & whether to abbreviate