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Open Education Resources (OER): Open Educational Resources (OER)

What is Open Education?

Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial, and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment. It maximizes the power of the Internet to make education more affordable, accessible and effective (SPARC).

Open Educational Resources (OER)

OERs are teaching, learning, and research resources that are in the public domain or are released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others (Hewlett Foundation).

These materials are freely available to users anywhere and include:

  • Textbooks
  • Readings
  • Multi-media files (images, videos)
  • Software
  • Assessment tools, and 
  • Even entire courses. 

Open Education at JIBC

JIBC supports a wide range of open educational practices, including the creation, adaptation, and adoption of open textbooks, open educational resources (OER) as part of our Zero Textbook Cost initiative (ZTC) and other forms of open pedagogy.

Learn more at Open at JIBC.

Open Textbooks Created at JIBC

For more open textbooks and courses created at JIBC, visit the Post-Secondary Directory: Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC).

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5Rs of Openness

The permissions that define an open resource.

The right to make, own, and control copies of the content

The right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g. in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)

The right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)

The right to combine the original or revise content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mash-up)

The right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others  

This material was created by David Wiley and published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY) at: Adapted for JIBC's use from Langara College. 


Dave Smulders:
Krista Lambert:
Melanie Meyers:

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Unless otherwise noted, this guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0).

The information on this page was adapted from Langara College's Open Education Guide, which is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA).