The American Psychological Association (APA) style sets out rules for writing research papers and citing sources.
For APA citations - review the In-Text Citations and Reference List pages for general instructions on citations. For citation examples, use the resources pages (Articles, Books, Websites, etc.) to find specific examples for how to cite a type of resource.
Questions? Ask a Librarian.
For APA formatting - review the Formatting Your Paper pages or contact the Writing Centre.
The purpose of citations:
Review the Academic Integrity guide to ensure you avoid plagiarism.
There are two parts to every citation:
Review the accompanying pages on this guide for more information on each part of a citation.
Every time you take information from someone's work, you always include a citation. The only time you do not include a citation is for common knowledge.
There are two ways to incorporate someone's information into your writing:
The majority of your assignment should be paraphrased, where you re-write the information completely in your own words. Changing just a word or two in a sentence is not enough. Visit the Writing Centre for more information on paraphrasing.
RefWorks is a web-based citation management tool. It helps you organize your references and it produces an APA Reference List!